When we talk about the Basque case we refer to the social and economic transformation experienced in the Basque Country since the 1970s. At the end of the 1970s, the Basque Country was undergoing a serious economic crisis, with high unemployment rates and an international image that directly related to terrorist violence. 

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However, through self-government, public-private partnership, institutional development and clusterization, among others, and having the Basque culture as a differential element, the Basque Country has managed to reach high places in international rankings in healthcare, education and income per capita. Besides, it has an increasingly attractive image that is now linked to modernity.